Board of Directors

Jean-Pierre Garnier, Ph.D.

Jean-Pierre Garnier, Ph.D. has served on our Board since December 2015. Dr. Garnier is currently Chairman of Idorsia Ltd., and was previously Chief Executive Officer of GlaxoSmithKline plc. In addition, Dr. Garnier is also a member of the Board of Directors of United Technologies Corporation, Chairman of the Board of CARMAT, and an Operating Partner at Advent International. Dr. Garnier previously served as Chief Executive Officer of Pierre Fabre S.A. from 2008 to 2010 and as Chief Executive Officer and Executive Member of the Board of Directors of GlaxoSmithKline plc from 2000 to 2008. Dr. Garnier served as Chief Executive Officer of SmithKline Beecham plc in 2000 and as Chief Operating Officer and Executive Member of the Board of Directors of SmithKline Beecham plc from 1996 to 2000. In 2009, he was made a Knight Commander of the British Empire. In 2007, he was promoted from Chevalier to Officier de la Légion d’Honneur of France. In 2006, he was named to the global list of top 20 CEOs by the Best Practice Institute. Dr. Garnier was previously Chairman of Cerenis and Alzheon, Inc. and a board member of the Stanford Advisory Council on Interdisciplinary Biosciences, Weill Cornell Medical College and the Dubai International Capital Advisory Board. He is a member of the Advisory Board of the Newman’s Own Foundation. Dr. Garnier received his M.Sc in pharmaceutical science and Ph.D. in pharmacology from Louis Pasteur University in France and MBA from Stanford University. We believe Dr. Garnier is qualified to serve as a member of our Board because of his significant business and professional experience, including his extensive experience in the life sciences industry, membership on various boards of directors and his previous leadership and management roles.